Snowmobile engine failure usually occurs because of faulty oil pumps, low oil levels, wear and tear, and clogged heat cores. These affect the snowmobile’s performance and efficiency, making it necessary to replace or rebuild the engine. But how difficult is it to rebuild a snowmobile engine?
It is hard to rebuild a snowmobile engine if you do not know what you are doing. Factors such as your ability to identify and assess the problem and how long it takes to acquire quality replacement parts play a crucial role in the difficulty of the rebuild.
Keep reading to know more about the tools, processes, and precautions required to rebuild a snowmobile engine.
How To Rebuild a Snowmobile Engine
Step 1: Outline a Detailed Work Plan
Planning and research should be the first step when rebuilding a snowmobile engine, as it ensures you don’t go in blind. Starting an engine rebuild without mapping out specifications and a work plan (including timeline estimates) can result in poorly done and rushed engine rebuilds.
Step 2: Disassemble the Engine
After outlining a detailed work plan, the next step involves dismantling the snowmobile engine and evaluating its components before sorting them into replaceable, reusable, and repairable parts. For example, the first step in a 2-stroke engine rebuild is the 2-stroke piston removal. You should never reuse the piston circlip when disassembling the engine.
Step 3: Rebuild the Engine
Once you’re done disassembling the engine, assess it for issues. It would help if you checked for and addressed any defects before reassembling the snowmobile engine. For example, you can:
- Perform a gasket surface prep to ensure the gasket surface is clean and free of debris.
- Measure the cylinder holes to ensure they’re perfectly round before ring installation. This is important when the engine has run more than a few thousand miles.
- Bore the cylinder if it suffered significant damage.
- Bleed the coolant system in cases of liquid-cooled engines. The appropriate method may differ depending on the vehicle you own.
Step 4: Inspect the Engine
The final step is diagnosing and inspecting the engine. This is where you check its efficiency, performance, and transmission before you finish the rebuild. Check the snowmobile engine and make sure the problems are fixed and that it’s good to go.
I should note that the success of a snowmobile engine rebuild depends heavily on the availability of proper, high-quality tools. In fact, without essential tools such as a flywheel puller set, you may have difficulty rebuilding your engine.
Below are a few must-have tools for a snowmobile engine rebuild.
- Cylinder leakage tester kit: This helps you check for a host of internal engine problems at a glance. You may use the OTC 5609 Cylinder Leakage Tester Kit (available on Amazon.com), which has everything you need tucked inside a neat, protective case.
- Compression test kits: These allow you to measure the engine’s pressure accurately. Consider the JIFETOR Compression Tester Kit (available on Amazon.com), which is designed for wide usage and has universal connectors for quick and easy connection.
- Combination flywheel puller set: This helps you separate the flywheel from the taper on the crankshaft.
- Piston pin puller: This allows you to remove the old piston from the connecting rods.
Precautions When Rebuilding a Snowmobile Engine
Rebuilding a snowmobile engine requires patience, caution, and precision. Therefore, you should take proactive measures and precautions to avoid mistakes that will likely interfere with the rebuilding process.
The following are essential precautions to keep in mind:
- Power wash the engine before rebuilding to remove the debris and prevent it from falling into the engine as you continue rebuilding. Washing the engine also prepares the gasket surface for installation and allows you to get better measurements of the engine’s components.
- Record the disassembly process to avoid mistakes during reassembly. Remember, the engine is made up of complex, interlocking parts. Failure to record the process can cause you to stall or delay the job because you can’t figure out where a part should go.
- Use quality repair tools and replacement parts. Reusing faulty parts such as old piston circlips may compromise the engine and undermine all the progress you had from the rebuild. Quality repair tools are also essential to avoid unnecessary delays and prevent engine parts from breaking due to the use of improper tools.
If you ignore these precautions, you’ll raise the chances of a botched engine rebuild.
Using Experts To Help Fix Your Snowmobile Engine
Professional contractors have the tools and necessary experience to diagnose and fix the engine’s issues in a shorter time than most DIYers can. They also understand the best ways to bleed coolant systems for liquid-cooled engines that have different requirements.
If you consult a professional who understands the complete rebuilding process, you reduce the risk of error when you try to DIY an engine rebuild. Therefore, you should contact a professional to diagnose the engine, fix it, and restore it to peak performance.
How To Maintain a Snowmobile Engine
If you don’t want to have to rebuild a snowmobile engine, you should take steps to maintain it as carefully as you do the rest of your vehicle. This may take more time and effort than leaving your snowmobile engine as is, but it’ll save you money and energy in the long run.
To maintain a snowmobile engine:
- When you’re not using the snowmobile, give your engine a monthly run.
- Carefully inspect your engine for any signs of damage.
- Keep your snowmobile engine clean.
Here’s a YouTube video demonstrating how to clean and maintain your snowmobile engine:
Rebuilding a snowmobile engine is a cost-effective alternative to purchasing a new one after the old engine fails. However, this depends on how well you rebuild the snowmobile engine. It’s essential to understand the steps involved in the rebuild and the tools you need to disassemble and reassemble the engine.
In case you find DIY engine rebuilding difficult, it’s best to consult a qualified technician to assess the problem and fix it. A technician keeps you from struggling with difficult repairs or damaging the engine permanently, saving you more money over the long term.